Linux-Arbeitskreis am IfL Hamburg

Webserver Apache




Wurzelverzeichnis der WWW-Dokumente. Beispiel: ist DocumentRoot /usr/local/httpd/htdocs, so führt http://www.server/verzeichnis/datei.html zur Datei /usr/local/httpd/htdocs/verzeichnis/datei.html.
Wenn dort etwas steht, kann jeder Benutzer WWW-Daten zur Verfügung stellen, indem er sie in ein so benanntes Verzeichnis in seinem Homeverzeichnis tut. Beispiel: Hat der Benutzer peter das Homeverzeichnis /home/peter, und UserDir ist html_public, so führt http://www.server/~peter/verzeichnis/datei.html zur Datei /home/peter/html_public/verzeichnis/datei.html.
Gibt an, welche Datei angezeigt werden soll, wenn ein Verzeichnis angefordert wird. Mehrere Angaben sind möglich; wenn der httpd keine solche Datei findet, zeigt er einfach das Inhaltsverzeichnis des Verzeichnissses. Beispiel: ist die entsprechende Zeile in srm.conf
DirectoryIndex          index.html index.htm welcome.htm
so führt http://www.server/verzeichnis/ zu <DocumentRoot>/verzeichnis/welcome.htm, falls es keine Datei namens index.html oder index.htm gibt.
Erlaubt bzw. verbietet das Anzeigen des Verzeichnisinhalts, wenn es keine DirectoryIndex-Datei gibt.
Der MIME-Typ für eine Datei, deren Endung nicht in mime.types aufgeführt ist.
Erlaubt, Aliasnamen für Dateien und Verzeichnisse zu erstellen. Beispiel:
Gibt es eine Zeile Alias /icons/ /local/www/icons/, so führt http://www.server/icons/head.gif zu /local/www/icons/head.gif
Gibt ein Verzeichnis für ausführbare CGI-Skripts und dessen Aliasnamen an.
Beispiel: ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /local/www/cgi-bin/


  # With this document, you define the name space that users see of your http
  # server. This file also defines server settings which affect how requests
  # serviced, and how results should be formatted.

  # See the tutorials at for
  # more information.

  # Originally by Rob McCool; Adapted for Apache

  # DocumentRoot: The directory out of which you will serve your
  # documents. By default, all requests are taken from this directory, but
  # symbolic links and aliases may be used to point to other locations.

  DocumentRoot /usr/local/httpd/htdocs

  # UserDir: The name of the directory which is appended onto a user's home
  # directory if a ~user request is recieved.

  UserDir html

  # DirectoryIndex: Name of the file or files to use as a pre-written HTML
  # directory index. Separate multiple entries with spaces.

  DirectoryIndex welcome.html welcome.htm index.html index.htm

  # FancyIndexing is whether you want fancy directory indexing or standard

  FancyIndexing on

  # AddIcon tells the server which icon to show for different files or filename
  # extensions

  AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip

  AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
  AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
  AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
  AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*

  AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
  AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx
  AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar
  AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv
  AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip
  AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps
  AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf
  AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt
  AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c
  AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py
  AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for
  AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi
  AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu
  AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl
  AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex
  AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core

  AddIcon /icons/back.gif ..
  AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README
  AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^
  AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^

  # DefaultIcon is which icon to show for files which do not have an icon
  # explicitly set.

  DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif

  # AddDescription allows you to place a short description after a file in
  # server-generated indexes.
  # Format: AddDescription "description" filename

  # ReadmeName is the name of the README file the server will look for by
  # default. Format: ReadmeName name
  # The server will first look for name.html, include it if found, and it will
  # then look for name and include it as plaintext if found.
  # HeaderName is the name of a file which should be prepended to
  # directory indexes.

  ReadmeName README
  HeaderName HEADER

  # IndexIgnore is a set of filenames which directory indexing should ignore
  # Format: IndexIgnore name1 name2...

  IndexIgnore */.??* *~ *# */HEADER* */README* */RCS

  # AccessFileName: The name of the file to look for in each directory
  # for access control information.

  AccessFileName .htaccess

  # DefaultType is the default MIME type for documents which the server
  # cannot find the type of from filename extensions.

  DefaultType text/plain

  # AddEncoding allows you to have certain browsers (Mosaic/X 2.1+) uncompress
  # information on the fly. Note: Not all browsers support this.

  AddEncoding x-compress Z
  AddEncoding x-gzip gz

  # AddLanguage allows you to specify the language of a document. You can
  # then use content negotiation to give a browser a file in a language
  # it can understand. Note that the suffix does not have to be the same
  # as the language keyword --- those with documents in Polish (whose
  # net-standard language code is pl) may wish to use "AddLanguage pl .po"
  # to avoid the ambiguity with the common suffix for perl scripts.

  AddLanguage en .en
  AddLanguage fr .fr
  AddLanguage de .de
  AddLanguage da .da
  AddLanguage el .el
  AddLanguage it .it

  # LanguagePriority allows you to give precedence to some languages
  # in case of a tie during content negotiation.
  # Just list the languages in decreasing order of preference.

  LanguagePriority de en fr

  # Redirect allows you to tell clients about documents which used to exist
  # your server's namespace, but do not anymore. This allows you to tell the
  # clients where to look for the relocated document.
  # Format: Redirect fakename url

  # Aliases: Add here as many aliases as you need (with no limit). The format
  # Alias fakename realname

  # Note that if you include a trailing / on fakename then the server will
  # require it to be present in the URL. So "/icons" isn't aliased in this
  # example.

  Alias /icons/ /usr/local/httpd/icons/

  # ScriptAlias: This controls which directories contain server scripts.
  # Format: ScriptAlias fakename realname

  ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/local/httpd/cgi-bin/

  # If you want to use server side includes, or CGI outside
  # ScriptAliased directories, uncomment the following lines.

  # AddType allows you to tweak mime.types without actually editing it, or
  # make certain files to be certain types.
  # Format: AddType type/subtype ext1

  # AddHandler allows you to map certain file extensions to "handlers",
  # actions unrelated to filetype. These can be either built into the server
  # or added with the Action command (see below)
  # Format: AddHandler action-name ext1

  # To use CGI scripts:
  # AddHandler cgi-script .cgi

  # To use server-parsed HTML files
  AddType text/html .shtml
  AddHandler server-parsed .shtml

  # Uncomment the following line to enable Apache's send-asis HTTP file
  # feature
  AddHandler send-as-is asis

  # If you wish to use server-parsed imagemap files, use
  AddHandler imap-file map

  # To enable type maps, you might want to use
  AddHandler type-map var

  # Action lets you define media types that will execute a script whenever
  # a matching file is called. This eliminates the need for repeated URL
  # pathnames for oft-used CGI file processors.
  # Format: Action media/type /cgi-script/location
  # Format: Action handler-name /cgi-script/location

  # MetaDir: specifies the name of the directory in which Apache can find
  # meta information files. These files contain additional HTTP headers
  # to include when sending the document

  #MetaDir .web

  # MetaSuffix: specifies the file name suffix for the file containing the
  # meta information.

  #MetaSuffix .meta

  # Customizable error response (Apache style)
  # these come in three flavors
  # 1) plain text
  #ErrorDocument 500 "The server made a boo boo.
  # n.b. the (") marks it as text, it does not get output
  # 2) local redirects
  #ErrorDocument 404 /missing.html
  # to redirect to local url /missing.html
  #ErrorDocument 404 /cgi-bin/
  # n.b. can redirect to a script or a document using server-side-includes.
  # 3) external redirects
  #ErrorDocument 402